Persian cat is a balanced, calm and quiet pet with a moderate temperament. However, it requires regular care.
The character of the Persian cat breed
The Persian cat is balanced and quiet. He does not organize races around the apartment, nor is he particularly lively - but he likes to lie on the couch or stroll dignifiedly around the apartment. He will definitely need a special post with a thick string on which he will be able to sharpen his claws.
Although she is very attached to the guardian and likes to spend time with him, she does not require constant attention. He comes for a daily caress when he feels like it himself. He is curious and often eagerly observes what his guardian is doing. On clear days, the Persian cat will be happy to use the mesh balcony.
Persian cat does not climb and is not prone to deterioration. He does not show aggression - he will be a good friend for the child. Overly disturbed, he will prefer to walk away rather than react more violently. The Persian cat is sociable and non-conflict. So he will be happy to make friends with a dog or other cat. If his guardian gives him enough love, he may also be an only child. By nature, the Persian cat is a homebody and does not need to go outside.
Pros and cons of the Persian cat breed
Persian cat - what is it like? Find out about its advantages and disadvantages!
- very demanding to care
- may have congenital kidney disease (PKD)
- some individuals have malocclusion
- not suitable for an outgoing cat
- gentle and pleasant to handle
- calm homebody
- a suitable companion for children and the elderly
- may be an only child
- he likes having fun
- easily accepts other cats and dogs
Persian cat breed health
Persians may have congenital polycystic kidney disease (PKD), malocclusion, excessive watery eyes, breathing problems due to shortened nose, and hereditary progressive degeneration of the retina (luckily, the latter does not lead to blindness, as is the case with Abyssinian cats).
White Persians are prone to congenital deafness, which is associated with the dominant white coat gene. Animals with blue eyes are most at risk, and those with orange irises are the least likely. Currently, thanks to appropriate selection, it was possible to eliminate this problem in most breeding breeds.
A Persian cat should be fed with high-quality food. It is also possible to feed these cats with the BARF diet, but you should not forget about the appropriate supplementation. When feeding a persian, remember about the specific structure of its mouth, which may prevent it from taking food from deep bowls. Therefore, cats of this breed should receive food on flat plates.
The care of the coat is time-consuming, because the long hair has to be combed every day so that it does not become matted. The Persian cat should be bathed in an appropriate shampoo once a month. In the case of white Persians, special powders are used between baths to eliminate yellowing of the coat. Persians often suffer from excessive watery eyes, so they should be rinsed with a special fluid. Also, remember to check your ears and trim the claws.
In black Persians, prolonged exposure to the sun can cause brown discoloration on the fur. So if we have a show cat, we should give him this pleasure. On the other hand, in tabby cats, excessive plucking of bony hair causes blurring of the drawing.
Persian cat is one of the oldest and most famous cat breeds, very popular and liked. Probably the ancestors of the Persians came to Europe from the Middle East (Iran, former Persia) during the Crusades. However, the English bred the correct breed by crossing Middle Eastern cats with each other. Persian cat comes in a huge number of color varieties. Some organizations recognize each color of a Persian cat as a separate breed.
In 1903, the white Persian was considered the purest variety of Persian cats. Initially, only those with blue eyes were recognized. Then, as a result of mating with Persians with a different coat color, animals with orange and two-colored eyes appeared (one orange, the other blue). Although breeders were reluctant to such crosses, with time they noticed that the use of white Persian cats in breeding other varieties improves the color of the latter, e.g. blue and black Persians.
In the United States, this variety was once so popular that separate shows were organized for it. The most famous American breeder of the white Persian cat was Barbara Flugrad, who founded the Babalong breeding farm in 1960. Her animals were characterized by a rounded body structure, so desired in modern Persians. To this day, most of the significant breeding of the breed Persian white cat has Babalong cats in their pedigrees. The smoky Persian cat was first presented at a cat exhibition in 1893 in England. He was very popular in the first half of the 20th century, especially in England. Currently, it is a rare and valued variety of the Persian cat.
The Persian colorpoint cat, also called the Himalayan (from the breed of rabbits with a similar color), has been known for several dozen years. Originally, there were no long-haired cats with the gene responsible for the formation of colored markings. The new variety was created thanks to conscious human interference. Breeders associated the Siamese cat who brought colorful meanings with a Persian cat, possibly black or blue. The first attempts were made as early as 1924, but detailed breeding programs were not developed until the 1930s.
Persian cat in Poland
The first Polish breeding programs for Persian cats were established in the interwar period. Unfortunately, World War II almost completely thwarted these efforts. In the 1950s, the breed was rebuilt by a few surviving breeders, including Stanisław Wlekliński. However, it was not until 1970-2000 that the breeding of Persians developed significantly. The beginning of rebuilding the Persians was the extremely successful breeding (in 1973 from Germany) of the Smoky Prince von Garmshof male and the female Thurid von Garmshof - both Persian cats were imported by Jolanta Kotłubaj. At present, Polish breeders can boast of many Persians that have obtained the title of Europe Champion.
Persian cat breed standard
Persian cat (persian cat) - exotic and Persian cats - I cat. According to FIFe
EMS code: PER
- Origin: Iran (Persia), United Kingdom
- Character: calm, gentle, friendly
- Size: medium size
- Weight: 3.5-7 kg
- Torso: massive, stocky, deep chest, strong shoulders, well-muscled back, broad
- Head shape: round, massive and broad, prominent forehead, full cheeks, well developed chin
- Ears: small, low set, rounded at the ends
- Eyes: round, large, set wide apart, blue, orange or two-colored (one eye blue, the other orange)
- Nose: short, well defined stop
- Tail: not very long, straight, rounded at the tip, very hairy
- Limbs: strong, with thick bones, small, oval feet
- Hair: long, dense, rarely woolly, slightly protruding from the body, well developed undercoat, on the chest and neck the so-called lion's mane, generous pants on the thighs
- Ointment: Almost all ointments and their varieties are allowed
- Disease resistance / susceptibility: average, delicate and demanding cat
- Length of life: 12-15 years
- Possibility to buy a cat in Poland: Yes
- Price of a pedigree cat: 1000-2000 PLN
Interesting facts about the Persian cat breed
Apparently, Louis XV had a white Persian and started the fashion for these animals at the royal court. Over time, they became so popular with French breeders that they were even called French Persians. White Persian breeding is not troublesome as this color is easy to keep. However, there are kittens with spots on their hair. This is because the white coat gene - B - does not completely eliminate the genes responsible for the formation of other colors. However, there are Persian genetic lines with a double BB gene that ensure the production of completely white kittens. White Persian cats were for many years a symbol of social status and favorites of the aristocracy. They were considered exceptionally elegant because of their snow-white fur and blue eyes.
The Black Persian cat is one of the most difficult exhibits to obtain. Often there is discoloration of the coat caused by sun, moisture and molting, which disqualifies them from cat shows. About 63 color sub-varieties of striped Persians are known. Any recognized color is acceptable, including white. The drawing of a tabby (brindle) can have a tiger pattern - on the fur there are more or less visible stripes, which are clearly separated from each other and converge on the back, forming the so-called a saddle, and on the neck and breast they are arranged in the shape of a collar. It can also have a classic (marbled) pattern - on the sides of the torso there is a symmetrical drawing of a spiral, reminiscent of patterns on marble, looking from above, the rings are arranged in the shape of a butterfly, there is a double collar on the neck and breasts. Or it can be with a mottled pattern - the brindle is broken and consists of a series of small spots.
The chinchilla and silvery shaded Persian cat can come in two types: American (with a very shortened face, nose almost at eye level) and European (old type Persian - less rebuilt face). There is an opinion that red Persians are less attached to their guardian and more independent, but being with them does not confirm this. Like all cats of this breed, they are only restrained - they do not impose their presence and decide for themselves whether they want to be petted.
Crookshanks, Hermione's cat from the Harry Potter series, is a Persian ginger cat. In Stewart Little, a white Persian starred Snowbell. The white Persian is also the "face" of the Gourmet Gold brand.